Dysglycaemia can last for several years and is characterised by slight changes in blood sugar levels and resistance to insulin.
An altered blood sugar level does not always mean a true diagnosis of diabetes. The diagnosis is made in people whose blood sugar level is greater than or equal to 100 milligrams per decilitre (mg/dL) but less than 126 mg/dL.
These people may not be considered diabetic, but they do need to be thoroughly examined and monitored. Dysglycaemia has negative effects on certain tissues, and evidence suggests that typical complications of the disease are already present when diabetes is clinically diagnosed.
It is therefore important to take early action on this delicate clinical condition.
It is possible to go back to a state of normality from pre-diabetes by implementing the right strategies. Or at least, to significantly delay the evolution of the disease.
Manifested diabetes, on the other hand, cannot be reversed, and this contributes to making it one of the most important public health problems in the world. If left untreated, diabetes can seriously damage various target organs and tissues (eyes, kidneys, nerves, arteries and heart).